The second volume of “A History of Religious Idea – From Gautama Buddha to the Triumph of Christianity” by Mircea Eliade covers the vast religious area between:
- The ancient religions in China (Taoism and Confucianism),
- Brahmanism and Hinduism,
- Roman religions,
- Celts and Germans,
- The Hindu Synthesis: The Mahabharata including the Bhagavad Gita,
- Iranian Synthesis,
- The Birth of Christianity and
- Christianity as official Religion of the Roman Empire.
This vast area of religious ideas is described in a considerable depth, although experts will certainly notice significant omissions at once; e.g. the Upanishads and the Mahabharata deserve more attention.
This volume ends with “Deus Sol Invictus”; a religious idea taken by the Roman Emperor Aurelius (270 – 275 AC) from Egypt as uniting monotheistic Sun-God principle in the Roman Empire, before his successor Emperor Constantine embraced Christianity a preferred religion within the Roman Empire. The name Sunday – the day of God – originates from “Deus Sol Invictus” or Sun-God in the Roman Empire.