The second classic that you and I visit on our detour, is “The Universe is as but a Dream” or “Maya “ in Sanskrit.
Several Eastern religions are based on the premise that all phenomena are included in or come from a universal being/entity (e.g. Âtman or Brahman). Beyond this universal entity, there is no independent being /entity: only this universal entity exists. All other observations beyond this entity are illusions. People rarely perceive this universal entity: mostly the myriads of illusions are regarded as separate illusionary realities.
Within the framework of this classic ordinary people experience the transient as permanent, and the permanent and transient.
The difference between “Solipsism” and “The Universe is but a Dream” is the fact that a Solipsist regards his own consciousness as the complete and universal entity. Within “The Universe is but a Dream”, the own consciousness and the perception is seen as illusions and dreams, that may or may not reflect a universal being/entity.
Solipsism is a classic supported by few, because:
- Solipsism is inwardly consistent and logical, but it is not falsifiable, not refutable or provable;
- Solipsism is exclusively confined to the consciousness of the observer, beyond which nothing exists. This hypothesis is very restrictive for scientists.
“The Universe is but a Dream” is a way of thinking with many manifestations. The “Ideas” of Plato have characteristics of this classic. The “Look” and “Bad Faith” from Sartre – whereby you and I lose our freedom and are reduced to a thing – are also characteristics of this classic. In the later chapters, the frame of mind of this second classic will appear in many forms.
Will you and I have internalized and surpassed the classic “The Universe is but a Dream” at the end of the Odyssey when we return home? We don’t know yet.
The next post will include the third classic “Pantheism”.
 “Creating an illusion” in Sanskrit. Source: electronic version od the dictionary Monier-Williams – MWDDS V1.5 Beta.
 In Sanskrit “Âtman” means amongst others “breath, universal soul, individual soul, nature, essence, highest existing entity). “Âtman” consists of “Ât” meaning “thus, further” and “man” meaning “thinking, consciousness, knowledge, conceive”. Source: electronic version of the dictionary Monier-Williams – MWDDS V1.5 Beta.
 “Brahman” means amongst others “religious of spiritual knowledge/wisdom”. Source: electronic version of the dictionary Monier-Williams – MWDDS V1.5 Beta. The origin of this word is possible the root “brh” meaning “worship, enlarge, grow, enhance” and “man” meaning “thinking, consciousness, knowledge, conceive”.
 Source image: http://www.edc.ncl.ac.uk/highlight/rhnovember2006g02.php
 See also: Solipsism in Wikepedia
 See also: Sartre, Jean-Paul, Being and Nothingness. New York: Washington Square Press: 1977
 In chapter 5, you and I will meet this way of seeing.